NY Times, 3 April 1953
 

MORE HELP NEEDED BY KOREAN ORPHANS

 

Children of Widowed Mothers Also in Serious Situation-

Private Gifts Here Urged

 
By DOROTHY BARCLAY
 
The desperate situation of thousands of children in South Korea is being eased as best it may be by efforts of the Korean people, the United States military forces, United Nations agencies and church-sponsored organizations. Nevertheless, if these children are to get anything like the care they need, American families must realize their plight and support voluntary efforts to help them. Leonard W. Mayo, who returned last week from Korea, expressed this opinion in an interview yesterday.
 
Mr. Mayo, director of the Association for the Aid of Crippled Children and vice president of the Child Welfare League of America, went to Korea as a member of a group representing the new American Korean Foundation.
 
Of 100,000 orphaned children, Mr. Mayo said 40,000 are in 350 to 400 "orphanages" in the cities and provinces. However he said, it is doubtful if 500 of these youngsters are receiving care equal to that which would be tolerated under the lowest standards existing in the United States today.
 
"The American G.I. and his officers," Mr. Mayo said, "have, as usual taken unfortunate children to their hearts. Individual youngsters are often cared for by groups of men. Some excellent centers have been set up for others, organized and financed by military men. Unfortunately, however, such efforts too often fall flat when the men primarily responsible are transferred elsewhere. Plans and support are needed for more stable and continuing facilities."
 
Although the situation of orphaned children is desperate, he went on, the young of widowed mothers are also in urgent need of help. A hundred fifty thousand women have lost their husbands in the war. Some homes have been provided for them and their children and in some places modest programs of trade-training are under way in an effort to help the mothers become self-supporting.
 
Such efforts require large sums of money, Mr. Mayo pointed out. Private contributions are needed to supplement whatever public funds are made available. Such voluntary agencies as church groups, the Salvation Army and the Committee for American Remittances to Everywhere, Inc., would put to excellent use any contributions earmarked for aid of Korean children, he said. Contributions to the American Korean Foundation, 303 Lexington Avenue, specified for child welfare, would be similarly applied, he added.
 
NYT-009